Jewish Nobel Prize Winners
At least 170 Jews and persons of half-Jewish ancestry have been awarded the Nobel Prize,1 accounting for 22% of all individual recipients worldwide between 1901 and 2005, and constituting 37% of all US recipients2 during the same period. In the scientific research fields of Chemistry, Economics, Medicine, and Physics, the corresponding world and US percentages are 26% and 39%, respectively. (Jews currently make up approximately 0.25% of the world’s population and 2% of the US population.)
- Chemistry (28 prize winners, 19% of world total, 27% of US total)
- Economics (22 prize winners, 39% of world total, 53% of US total)
- Literature (13 prize winners, 13% of world total, 27% of US total)
- Physiology or Medicine (52 prize winners, 28% of world total, 42% of US total)
- Peace (9 prize winners, 10% of world total, 11% of US total)3
- Physics (46 prize winners, 26% of world total, 38% of US total)
- Jewish Recipients of the US National Medal of Science (157 recipients, 37% of total)
- Jewish Recipients of the Kyoto Prize (25% of recipients)
JEWISH CONTRIBUTIONS IN THE ARTS AND SCIENCES
Anthropology * Biomedical Science * Chemistry * Chess *
Computer & Info Science * Economics * Linguistics * Mathematics *
Music * Philosophy * Physics * Psychology * Sociology.
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1. This enumeration constitutes an update and an expansion of the information on Jewish Nobel Prize winners contained in the 1997 CD ROM edition of the Encyclopedia Judaica (EJ97), from which 117 of the names listed here were obtained. Nearly all of the additional entries (as well as some of those obtained from EJ97) are accompanied by explanatory footnotes.
Approximately 15% of those listed are, or were of half-Jewish descent.
2. Based on US nationality at the time of award.
3. Percentages are based on awards to individuals only, i.e., the computation excludes awards to organizations.
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