Jerusalem: 3,000 Years Young

Most people think that Jerusalem is a city, but that’s not completely true. In many ways Jerusalem is a city like any other big city; it has a mayor and a city hall, it has shopping centers and office buildings, and it has schools, playgrounds, parks, museums and a zoo. To the Jewish people however, Jerusalem is much, much more than just a city. It’s even more than the capital of Israel. In many ways, Jerusalem is the very heart and soul of Judaism, Jewish history, and the Jewish people.

Today, Jerusalem is constantly in the headlines, and for over 3,000 years it has been an ever-present feature in Jewish life, Jewish spirituality, Jewish prayer and Jewish dreams.

The following is a brief history of Jerusalem:

The following list of twenty-one dates is a summary of the 3,700-year-old relationship of the Jewish people to Jerusalem.

1738 BCE The first Jew goes to Jerusalem
Abraham, the founding father of the Jewish people, was sent by God to Israel. After arriving in Israel, Abraham went to Jerusalem where he received a blessing from king Melchizedek.

1676 BCE The binding of Isaac
One of the most important events in early Jewish history was when Abraham almost sacrificed his son Isaac. This took place on Mt. Moriah in Jerusalem.

1590 BCE Jacob’s dream
One of the most important experiences in the life of Jacob, the grandson of Abraham, was his mystical dream about a ladder that reached to heaven. This dream took place in Jerusalem.

866 BCE Jerusalem becomes the capital of Israel
King David established Jerusalem as the capital city of Israel.

825 BCE The first Temple in Jerusalem
King Solomon built the first Temple in Jerusalem. The Temple stood for 400 years until being destroyed by the Babylonians.

423 BCE Destruction of first Temple
The Babylonians conquered Israel, destroyed the Temple and exiled the Jews

352 BCE The second Temple in Jerusalem
The Temple was rebuilt and stood for another 400 years.

70 CE The second Temple is destroyed
The Romans destroyed the second Temple.

312 Christianity expels Jews from Jerusalem
The Christians ruled Israel for 300 years and made it illegal for Jews to live in Jerusalem.

638 The Muslims conquered Jerusalem
The Muslims conquered Israel and Jerusalem. Though they allowed Jews to move back into Jerusalem, they also built their mosques atop Judaism’s holiest site—the Temple Mount.

1099 Christians return to Jerusalem
The Christians defeat the Muslims and kill all the Jews in Jerusalem.

From the time of the destruction of the Temple, no foreign ruler paid much attention to Jerusalem and it became a poor, run down city that suffered from a lack of clean water, from disease, and from robbers. Despite this, Jews everywhere dreamed of returning to Jerusalem and many literally risked their lives to travel and settle there. The Western Wall, the last remnant of the Temple, was the holiest place in Jerusalem for prayer.

1267 A new synagogue in Jerusalem
The Ramban was a great rabbi who was forced to flee Christian persecution in Spain. He went to Jerusalem where he re-established the first synagogue in 150 years. That synagogue became the center of a small new Jewish community and was used for 300 years.

1500 Rabbi Ovadia of Bartenura
Though Jews were scattered all over the world, many made heroic efforts to move to Israel and settle in Jerusalem. Rabbi Ovadia of Bartenura was a great scholar who moved to Jerusalem.

1517 The Turks conquer Jerusalem
The Turkish empire conquered Israel and Jerusalem and ruled for 400 years until the end or World War I.

1699 Yehuda Hachassid
Rabbi Yehuda Hachassid led 1,000 Jews from Poland to Israel where they settled in Jerusalem. The Yehuda Hachassid synagogue was in use for over 200 years until it was destroyed in1948 by the Jordanians. It is currently being rebuilt.

1742 Rabbi Chaim ibn Attar moves to Jerusalem
Rabbi Chaim Attar, a great scholar and mystic, moved with his family and many of his students from Morocco to Jerusalem.

1777 The Baal Shem Tov
The Baal Shem Tov, founder of the Chassidic movement, inspired many to emigrate to Israel. In 1777, Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Vitebsk led a group of 300 Russian Jews to Israel.

1809 The Vilna Gaon
Rabbi Eliyahu of Vilna (known as the Vilna Gaon) encouraged his students to move from Lithuania to Israel. From 1809 to the late 1830’s approximately 200 people a year left Lithuania for Israel where most of them settled in Jerusalem. The Vilna Gaon himself tried twice to make the move but was unsuccessful.

1917 The British conquer Jerusalem
England defeated the Turks in World War I and conquered Israel and Jerusalem.

1850 - 1948 The great return to Jerusalem
Over the centuries the Jewish population slowly grew until there were 10,000 Jews living in the city in 1850. (There were also 6,000 Arabs and 4,000 Christians living in the city.) At the end of World War I, the British promised to help the Jewish people rebuild a homeland in Israel. By 1948 there were 650,000 Jews living in Israel and 100,000 in Jerusalem.

1948 The Jordanians destroy the Jewish Quarter of Jerusalem
In 1948 Israel fought and won the War of Independence, but it lost Jerusalem to the Jordanian forces. All of the Jews who lived within the walls of the ancient city of Jerusalem were either killed or driven out by the Jordanians The Jordanians destroyed all of the synagogues in the city and would not allow any Jews to live in Jerusalem or even visit the Western Wall to pray. Israel established its capital in the new city of Jerusalem that was outside of the walls of the ancient city of Jerusalem.

1967 The Six-Day War and Jerusalem-Yom Yerushalayim
Though the modern state of Israel was born in 1948, for twenty years, Jews were cut off from the heart of Jerusalem. In the spring of 1967, the Arab countries that surround Israel were planning to attack and destroy the Jewish state. Instead of suffering defeat, Israel won the war in just six days. On June 7, 1967—after almost 2,000 years— Jerusalem was united and the Old City of Jerusalem was once again the capital of the Jewish homeland. The restoration of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel 2,800 years after King David first made it the capital, and 2,000 years after it’s destruction by the Romans, just might be the most incredible event in all of world history.

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Posted in: Israel
by   Shimon Apisdorf

Comments icon May 20, 2009


By Jerome Gess on July 3, 2009 -- 6:53am

I am interested in learning about the origins of the rabbis in Jewish history. We know thyat they were there in the Roman period, but what was their beginning.

thank you,


By Elliott on January 13, 2010 -- 2:55am

Nice article, but would like to respectfully disagree with what the author proposes is the most remarkable event in history.
I would venture to say that the Revelation at Sinai is the most remarkable event in history.

By Lola Hoi on July 12, 2010 -- 11:40am

Very interesting, my bible studies never detailed such thought provoking time frames.

By not a fake jew on November 9, 2010 -- 1:07pm

I would like to dispute that “Christians” kicked out jews from jerusalem. Roman governments were not Christians, Christians are not only the brother of jews, but are “jews”. If the roman government was jewish why would they have they’re coinage dedicated to the sun god (SOLI INVICTO COMITI)? Praise Jehovah!

By alex on April 18, 2011 -- 4:17pm

i feel what your trying to say BUT you left out so many things you are like a propagandist just trying to get his OWN story to the ignorant!

By yitzchok on September 21, 2011 -- 12:47am

Hi Jerome,
If you want to know the origin take a look at the introduction to the mishnah torah of the Rambam. There he outlines the passage of torah from generation to generation from sinai to present.

By Terry on July 31, 2012 -- 12:03am

US landing on the moon is the most incredible event in history. People killing themselves over land is a joke.

By Southern Cross on December 25, 2012 -- 11:55am

Any factual representation that is based on lies is automatically dis-proven. I cannot read any further than your line:

“Abraham, the founding father of the Jewish people, was sent by God to ISRAEL. After arriving in ISRAEL, Abraham went to Jerusalem where he received a blessing from king Melchizedek.”

Jacob, who is the founding father of Israel, was Abraham’s grandson. How then could Abraham go to a place that did not exist yet?

Lies, lies, lies.

By Tal on January 1, 2013 -- 11:35am

To this day there is no evidence whatsoever that Solomon’s Temple exist, this ‘fact’ is based on Jewish beliefs but has no concrete real life evidence (that’s why they’re doing excavations below Al Aqsa Mosque) My problem is that this is presented as fact while in reality it is NOT, so I would appreciate it if the author mentions that Solomon’s Temple is based on Jewish beliefs and not scientific facts. Thank you

By B Loos on March 4, 2013 -- 4:50pm

I disagree with the statement that the British helped rebuild Israel.  It seems they were more interested in Arab oil and they made it very difficult for Jewish immigrants from the German concentration camps.  I do agree with the author that this is one of the most incredible events in world history.  Just for the record I am not Jewish.

By howard on March 28, 2013 -- 3:10pm

Found your website this am searching the net for Jewish influence on our world. I plan to spend much time reading the articles posted here. Thank you for all the benefits we enjoy as a civilization that I believe are a result of the promise to Abraham:

2. And I will make you into a great nation, and I will bless you, and I will aggrandize your name, and [you shall] be a blessing.

ב. וְאֶעֶשְׂךָ לְגוֹי גָּדוֹל וַאֲבָרֶכְךָ וַאֲגַדְּלָה שְׁמֶךָ וֶהְיֵה בְּרָכָה:

3. And I will bless those who bless you, and the one who curses you I will curse, and all the families of the earth shall be blessed in you.”
ג. וַאֲבָרְכָה מְבָרֲכֶיךָ וּמְקַלֶּלְךָ אָאֹר וְנִבְרְכוּ בְךָ

I am trying to understand why the Jewish people have been hounded and persecuted throughout all their history when the opposite should be true. Again, thank you for the blessings.

By paul on April 8, 2013 -- 10:56am

I have an afection forJerusalemandthe jewish people but I must respectfullydisagreewith boththe author and the abovecomment…truly the most remarkable event in history is that the God of Israel was born into the house of Davidand lived among his people teachingthem the true meaning of the torah and salvation through the redeemer of Israel and all nations. Glory to the Son of David and His kingdom will have no end! That is truly remarkable. Moses gave the law its true, but grace and salvation came through Yashua (Jesus). Just as Abraham offered his son on Mt Moriah so the Son of Man lay down His life on Mt Moriah.God bless!

By Tony on July 2, 2013 -- 9:47pm

They never mentioned the Palistianans if h can tell… The Arabs were the one who built the great dome and that’s been there over 3,000 they never mentioned that so what can we say now….

By Juan on August 28, 2013 -- 10:54pm

A restoration of a capital declared 2800 prior is as remarkable to the fundamentalist believer as it is to a secular atheist. A Godly-inspired revelation, from my understanding, is a common occurance in any religion, and plain foolishness to any serious scholar.

By Robert P. Killian on October 11, 2013 -- 11:26pm

I fully agree with Elliott (see Jan 13 2010 entry)

The revelation at Sinai in 2448AM, 1313BCE, is the most remarkable event in history.

Two years later in 2450AM, 1311CJ,+131yrs=1442BC the Tabernacle was permanently raised on 1 Nisan.

2450AM is exactly 5 X 490 years after Adam’s expulsion from Paradise in 0AM, 3892BCE.

2450 Solar years is the same as 2500 Lunar years.

Truely a remarkable Biblical Timeline.


Robert P. Killian

By Karen Elizabeth Villa on November 7, 2013 -- 1:34am

Please tell me more about Jerusalem becoming the capitol of Israel again, after 2800 years , and how remarkable this is.

My Parents never spoke about this, but their great grandparents probably emigrated to Colombia from Italy and Spain due to the Christian persecution there.

Thank You

By muhammad taha on November 19, 2013 -- 1:57pm

Nice article. I like it.

By Scott Walker on November 19, 2013 -- 11:25pm

I believe you are misleading people concerning the Christians expelling and killing the Jews.

By RyanDaLion on December 10, 2013 -- 6:44pm

Good Article

By Luka Motsi on February 10, 2014 -- 1:58am

Really good history.

By lol on March 29, 2014 -- 1:32pm


By Emma Charlot on April 2, 2014 -- 10:37am

Awesome article, helped me a lot. I just have a question, I need to site this blog in my sources for a project but I cannot find the name of the author. Could someone tell me?

Thank you,
Emma Charlot

By Marie Godde on May 9, 2014 -- 6:58pm

In which year BC was Jerusalem rebuilt (completed)?  Was it 23 BC?  Thank you. 


By hashim adenuga on July 7, 2014 -- 12:50pm

the only mistake i can see in the history is that Abraham sacrifice is son true but the name of the son is Ismail not Isaac.

By Joanne on July 18, 2014 -- 12:27am

Thanks for your great website and the information that you provide, I am making a simple to read list of all main wars and conflicts that Israel has faced since 1948, Thoughts and prayers are with your people and the wonderful land that you deserve but once again you have to face another war against Hamas. Shalom and may God Bless. Joanne

By Luke on August 8, 2014 -- 11:32am

Good job.
What if you had put scripture references to those facts

By Chris Gemmell on September 17, 2014 -- 9:14am

No, the resurrection of Jesus Christ was the most remarkable event in history.

By Lionel Nawdish on October 14, 2014 -- 7:25am

There is no question as to whom Jerusalem belongs to…..King David established it as the capital of Israel and his son King Solomon was allowed by God to build the temple there. The spot where the original temple was built belongs to the Jews and nobody else.

By Ginger on November 14, 2014 -- 2:37pm

As long as you define the Divine as solely male, you are never going to achieve any kind of wisdom, let alone spirituality.

By Dale Cole on January 5, 2015 -- 10:08pm

I noticed this article has the year 423 BCE as the time of the destruction of the Jewish Temple that Solomon built. Every study on this subject list the year as 586 BCE. Why are these dates so far apart? That’s a 163 year difference.
Thank you, awaiting your repl.

By Mal on January 16, 2015 -- 12:29am

Thanks this really help me with my homework.

By ken frauenfelder on March 17, 2015 -- 1:41pm

where is the “evidence” that “CHRISTIANS” ever killed Jews? or that they RULED Jerusalem…ever? since when did CHRISTIANS become a ‘state’ or ‘nation’ powerful enough to accomplish this “supposed” feat?

By Jason on April 13, 2015 -- 1:54pm

In 423 BCE Babylon exiled the northern tribes (Israel) leaving Judah (current day Jews) in the south.

By unkown on May 12, 2015 -- 6:49am

I though the most remarkable thing in history was the start of the world

By JYL on July 26, 2015 -- 2:40pm

Most historical sites record the first temple destruction in the year 586bce. Why is there a 122 yr discrepancy?

Thanks for your response.

By Rose Lohman on August 18, 2015 -- 1:06pm

Daniel’s 70 weeks

Daniel’s 70 weeks are 70 sets of 49 year jubilee cycles, 3430 years.

BC1414 + AD2016 = 3430 years

3430 / 70 = 49

The 50th year was also the 1st of the next set of 49.

1 BC1414 - BC1365 First Jubilee year.

2 BC1365 - BC1316
3 BC1316 - BC1267
4 BC1267 - BC1218
5 BC1218 - BC1169
6 BC1169 - BC1120
7 BC1120 - BC1071
8 BC1071 - BC1022
9 BC1022 - BC973
10 BC973 - BC924
11 BC924 - BC875
12 BC875 - BC826
13 BC826 - BC777 The first temple was built.
14 BC777 - BC728
15 BC728 - BC679
16 BC679 - BC630
17 BC630 - BC581
18 BC581 - BC532
19 BC532 - BC483
20 BC483 - BC434
21 BC434 - BC385 The first temple was destroyed
22 BC385 - BC336 The second temple was built
23 BC336 - BC287
24 BC287 - BC238
25 BC238 - BC189
26 BC189 - BC140
27 BC140 - BC91
28 BC91 - BC42
29 BC42 - AD7

30 AD7 - AD56 Christ died

31 AD56 - AD105 The second temple was destroyed.

32 AD105 - AD154
33 AD154 - AD203
34 AD203 - AD252
35 AD252 - AD301
36 AD301 - AD350
37 AD350 - AD399
38 AD399 - AD448
39 AD448 - AD497
40 AD497 - AD546
41 AD546 - AD595

42 AD595 - AD644 The temple mount was taken over by the Muslims.  The people of the prince (Muhammad?) took it.

43 AD644 - AD693 They started construction on the mosque.

44 AD693 - AD742 The abomination that causes desolation, Al-Aqsa Mosque was completed here in this set of 49 years. Mark 13 tells you the abomination will be an it. The Jews were on the run.

45 AD742 - AD791
46 AD791 - AD840
47 AD840 - AD889
48 AD889 - AD938
49 AD938 - AD987
50 AD987 - AD1036
51 AD1036 - AD1085
52 AD1085 - AD1134
53 AD1134 - AD1183
54 AD1183 - AD1232
55 AD1232 - AD1281

56 AD1281 - AD1330 The Jews were expelled from England in the year AD1290.

57 AD1330 - AD1379
58 AD1379 - AD1428
59 AD1428 - AD1477

60 AD1477 - AD1526 This set of 49 years was where the New World was discovered. The Jews were kicked out of Spain. God put the believer’s over here to protect us from being annihilated.

61 AD1526 - AD1575

The sixty second week where Messiah was cut off.

62 AD1575 - AD1624 In AD1575



I tried to post a link but they would not let me so you will have to look up Elijah

Eliyya(Elijah) de Vidas (1575 AD) says: “The meaning of ‘He was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities,’ is that since the Messiah bears our iniquities, which produce the effect of His being bruised, it follows that whoso will not admit that the Messiah thus suffers for our iniquities must endure and suffer for them himself.”

God’s time limit had been reached and he cut the Jews off from their Messiah.

This left 7 weeks of 49 years until all things were accomplished.

63 AD1624 - AD1673
64 AD1673 - AD1722
65 AD1722 - AD1771
66 AD1771 - AD1820
67 AD1820 - AD1869
68 AD1869 - AD1918

69 AD1918 - AD1967 The Holocaust happened in this set of 49 years. In AD1945, the war ended and after their punishment was over, he placed them once again into the land of Israel in AD1948. The command went forth to restore and rebuild Jerusalem here in 1947.

The 70th week of 49 years.

70 AD1967 - AD2016 This is the final set of 49 years, where God gave them Jerusalem in the 6 day war. The Muslims were quoted as saying, “Their God fights for them.”

However, midway through this last set of 49 years, AD1991, during the Madrid conference, they made a deal with the devil in the name of “peace” and gave back the Gaza Strip and part of the West Bank to the Palestinians.

In 1993, the OSLO I Accord was signed. America was instrumental in both helping to establish the Jewish nation, and then taking it back from them again in 1993 and giving parts of the land back to the Palestinians.
God RENEWED his covenant with them (after their punishment was over) in 1948, gave them Jerusalem back in 1967, and they broke the covenant in middle of the last set of 49 years in 1991.

Their punishment will be over in the middle of AD2016.

All four of these blood moons have pretty much been right over America! America is in bad shape since we have officially become Sodom and Gomorrah.

There was no 2000 year gap, there is no 7 year tribulation, therefore no pre tribulation rapture. We are about to meet out maker, and it looks like some time around the end of next year!

By Peloni on August 25, 2015 -- 8:43pm

what’s the jewish year for these goyshe dates?

By Kara on August 29, 2015 -- 9:09pm

Isn’t this misleading by referring to ‘Jews’ as such for most of this timeline? The Children of Israel/Israelis/Hebrews are not one and the same with modern/Rabbinical Judaism albeit that narrative is the dominant one today.  Historically, it is inaccurate.

By sub maj Boobalan on August 30, 2015 -- 4:00pm

This history of Jews people from beginning to ending to perseverance and put effort to restore the home land Till 1967. Nowadays also both genders are ready to sacrifice to country when and wherever required. Good patriotism. I salute to your nation.

By ekbano on September 23, 2015 -- 4:27am

Today the 23rd of September 2015 is Yom Kippur. The world is up in arms against Israel and the Jews. Islamic violence and insanity is washing through the earth and the filth of Mohomed (curses of the living god be on him),is glorified by the West as enlightenment.
With 2800 years of history of jews in Jerusalem the filth of Islam still claims the history, the Holy Bible, (Old testament), and the origons of the Jews as their own.
Mohomed (curses of the livong god be on him) came 600 years after Christ yet claims the history of nations and peoples that came before them. What a bunch of sick, perverts.

By Brent Dawes on November 11, 2015 -- 10:47pm

Why are all of your BC dates wrong?
Abraham lived c.2000 BC. Jacob went to Egypt c.1890 BC. David’s reign began c.1000 BC. Solomon’s reign began c.960 BC. Nebuchadnezzar destroyed Jerusalem and the temple c.586 BC. The temple was restored by 516 BC.

By Chana on December 2, 2015 -- 2:26am

Jerry, the position and title rabbi first appears in Judaism after the destruction of the Second Temple and after the Jews were expelled from Jerusalem by the Romans.
It was a position created for the purpose of helping to maintain Jewish identity without the centrality of the Temple in Jewish life. Before around 90 to 200 C.E. there were no rabbis.


By mik on January 26, 2016 -- 5:35pm

I’m looking for information concerning the destruction of the Second Temple. Some claim it occurred in 585 BCE & others 607 BCE. Anyone know where I might find some good reading material that would shed light on the subject?


By Doug on April 26, 2016 -- 6:38pm

It seems that with all of the enslavement, and war there was a lot of dispersment of Jews all over. So to me there would also seem to be a lot of change in belief, rituals, ethnicity/ race etc…  In the time line it doesn’t speak of exodus of Jews being from war or enslavement and how it affected these things.

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